Thursday, July 16, 2009: 07:17:53 PM

TFPJ Press Release

Crop-specific programmes to raise agricultural production

Although agricultural production in the country is in tune with the demand for food grains, the government is looking at ways to increase overall agricultural production
 
July 3, 2009, New Delhi: The agricultural production in the country has been increasing in the recent past. As compared to an estimated production of 208.60 million tonnes during 2005-06 and 217.28 million tonnes during 2006-07, the estimated production of food grains during 2007-08 and 2008-09 (3rd Advance Estimates) stood at 230.78 million tonnes and 229.85 million tonnes respectively.
 
As the estimated demand of food grains during 2008-09 was only 219.01 million tonnes against estimated production of 229.85 million tonnes, there was no shortage of food grains in the country.
 
In order to further increase the production of wheat, rice and pulses, the government introduced the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) since November 2007. It aims at increasing the production of rice by 10 million tonnes, wheat by 8 million tonnes and pulses by 2 million tonnes by the end of the Eleventh Five Year Plan. This will be done through area increase and productivity enhancement in targeted districts. Besides, the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) has also been launched with an objective to increase investment in agriculture and allied sectors.
 
In order to increase the production of cereals in the country, various centrally sponsored schemes subsumed under the Macro Management Mode of Agriculture with effect from October 2000 are under implementation to provide more flexibility to states based on local needs. These include the Integrated Cereals Development Programme in Rice Based Cropping Systems Areas (ICDP-Rice), the Integrated Cereals Development Programme in Wheat Based Cropping System Areas (ICDP-Wheat) and the Integrated Cereals Development Programme in Coarse Cereals Based Cropping Systems Areas (ICDP-Coarse Cereals).
 
In order to increase the production and productivity of oilseeds and pulses, a centrally sponsored scheme - Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM) - is being implemented since 2004.
 
To increase the production and productivity of sugarcane in the country, the central government has been implementing the scheme of Sustainable Development of Sugarcane Based Cropping System (SUBACS) in different states subsumed under the Macro Management Mode of Agriculture since April 2004.
 
A technology mission on cotton is under implementation in the cotton growing states of the country since 2000-01 for increasing the productivity and production of cotton by focusing on increasing availability of cotton seeds and increasing the acreage under hybrids. That apart, this mission lays emphasis on evolving area-specific technology, popularisation of integrated pest management, increasing efficient use of irrigation water, field demonstrations for transfer of technology to farmers and their training.
 
This information was given by Prof KV Thomas, Minister of State for Agriculture, in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha.
 
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